International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) is an open access online peer reviewed international journal that publishes research. Physiological signal amplifiers-isolation amplifiers-medical pre-amplifier design-bridge amplifiers-line driving amplifier-current amplifier – chopper amplifier-biosignal analysis - signal recovery and data acquisition-drift compensation in operational amplifiers-pattern recognition-physiological assist devices. A lithium-ion battery or Li-ion battery (abbreviated as LIB) is a type of rechargeable battery in which lithium ions move from the negative electrode to the positive.
About half of all nosocomial infections are associated with indwelling devices. Infections associated with implanted surgical devices are particularly difficult to deal with because they can require prolonged antibiotic treatment and repeated surgical procedures. This review summarizes the diagnostic challenges and explains the approaches to managing infections that are associated with various devices, including prosthetic heart valves, vascular grafts, pacemakers and defibrillators, and joint prostheses. Figure 1 Clinical, Radiologic, and Microscopical Findings in Patients with Implant-Related Infections. Panel A shows the clinical presentation of a penile implant that became infected with Staphylococcus epidermidis and eroded through the scrotum (arrow). Netflix Cracking Down on this page.
(Photograph courtesy of Dr. Timothy Boone.) In Panel B, the roentgenographic finding of radiolucent lines (arrows) at the cement–bone interface around a hip prosthesis that had been implanted six months earlier raises the possibility of infection, which was confirmed by the intraoperative finding of purulent material around the hip implant. (Radiograph courtesy of Dr. Glenn Landon.) Panel C is a confocal scanning laser microscopical image of the biofilm surrounding a urologic device. It shows bacterial DNA ( Enterococcus faecalis), stained blue (DRAQ5, ×1000), and carbohydrate material, stained green (SYTOX green, ×1000). (Image courtesy of Dr.
Adobe Flash Player is required to view this feature. If you are using an operating system that does not support Flash, we are working to bring you alternative formats. Original Article Treatment of Comatose Survivors of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest with Induced Hypothermia Stephen A. Bernard, M.B., B.S., Timothy W.
Gray, M.B., B.S., Michael D. Buist, M.B., B.S., Bruce M.
Jones, M.B., B.S., William Silvester, M.B., B.S., Geoff Gutteridge, M.B., B.S., and Karen Smith, B.Sc. N Engl J Med 2002; 346:557-563 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa003289. Results The demographic characteristics of the patients were similar in the hypothermia and normothermia groups.
Twenty-one of the 43 patients treated with hypothermia (49 percent) survived and had a good outcome — that is, they were discharged home or to a rehabilitation facility — as compared with 9 of the 34 treated with normothermia (26 percent, P=0.046). After adjustment for base-line differences in age and time from collapse to the return of spontaneous circulation, the odds ratio for a good outcome with hypothermia as compared with normothermia was 5.25 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.47 to 18.76; P=0.011). Hypothermia was associated with a lower cardiac index, higher systemic vascular resistance, and hyperglycemia. There was no difference in the frequency of adverse events. Cardiac arrest outside the hospital is a major cause of unexpected death in developed countries, with survival rates ranging from less than 5 percent to 35 percent. In patients who are initially resuscitated, anoxic neurologic injury is an important cause of morbidity and mortality.
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